The Seven Ancient Wonders
The seven wonders of the ancient world is a well-known list of seven buildings of antiquity. The list was essentially a travel guide for travellers from the ancient world and they wanted to see the most popular destinations in that time.
Of those ancient wonders, only one was preserved until today, the Pyramid of Khufu (the Great Pyramid of Giza) and the Hanging Gardens existence is still questioned. Historical data shows that the other five wonders of the world have disappeared in the wake of natural disasters: the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Colossus of Rhodes and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus were destroyed by earthquakes and the Temple of Artemis and Zeus's statue were destroyed by fire.
Let's talk about only wonder of the ancient world that still exist today and can be visited.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the only one on the list of Antipater that we can admire today. Egyptians would have used no less than 2.5 million cubic meters of limestone. Edifice originally had a height of 146.5 meters, requesting an impressive technological and human effort. Pyramid has three burial chambers. The first is underground, carved into the rock. The second room was not designed to accommodate one of Khufu's wives, but probably a sacred statue of King himself. The third is the king's chamber, which held a red granite sarcophagus located almost exactly in the centre of the pyramid. This miracle can be compare to the Louvre museum from Paris or another pyramid built by Mayans called Pyramid Chichen Itza in Mexico.
Next we will talk about ancient wonders who remained a ruin.
Hanging Gardens of Babylonis is questioned because not 100% proof of it's existence. By the way they say this wonder was built by King Nebuchadnezzar II for one of his wives. It was covered by vegetation and protected his family from sun's heat. With a very complex irrigation system made possible the development of vegetation.
Zeus's statue from Olympia was build by a Greek sculptor Phidias around 435BC. This sculpture was made of ivory and gold placed in a temple that the Greeks dedicated to their god(Zeus). Unfortunately this wonder of the world was destroyed in a fire but now this statue can be compared with the statue of Jesus in Rio de Janeiro. Some people say that this statue were inspired by the statue of Zeus.
Ruins of Lighthouse of Alexandria can be found on the island of Pharos in Egypt.. This building made by man was among the seven wonders of the world. It was built in the third century B.C.(around 270 B.C). Unfortunately it was destroyed by earthquakes.
Colossus of Rhodes was a wonder of the ancient world, it was built by Rhodians and this statue was made in 12 years of hard work. This statue was a Greek God named Helios (The sun God). Statue measures 48 m in height and seems to mark the entry in the port of Rhodes. Legend says that the statue was sitting with one leg on each side of the harbour, now remained only one leg. Another legends said that Auguste Bartholdi was inspired by this statue to build Liberty Statue of USA
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. This mausoleum had a height of 49 m and was destroyed by an earthquake in the XII century B.C. Today we can see what remains of the mausoleum in an outdoor museum located in the northern town of Bodrum(Turkey).
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was an ancient Greek goddess Artemis built in the year 550 i. Hr. Ephesus (Turkey). Inside the temple is the statue of the Goddess Artemis 2 m, covered with gold and silver. Artemision disappeared after a fire and was rebuilt in 356 B.C. by citizens of ancient Ephesus. This new temple was demolished with the rise of Christianity. Today we can see a pole and a remnant of a wall that belonged to the famous Artemision.
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